The Role of Desi Cows in A2 Milk Production

Desi Cows: The Source Of A2 Milk

October 20, 2023 | Organic
Desi Cows The Source Of A2 Milk

Recent studies are revealing the superior health benefits of milk produced by desi cows. The spotlight is now on A2 milk, a healthier alternative to the common A1 milk found in Western dairy breeds.  

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Benefits Of A2 Cow Milk

A2 cow milk, which is derived from certain indigenous or desi cow breeds, is often believed to offer several potential benefits over A1 milk, which comes from Western dairy breeds. While scientific research on these benefits is ongoing, here are some of the commonly suggested advantages of A2 cow milk.

1) Easier Digestibility

For some people, A2 milk is supposed to be easier to digest than A1 milk. The A2 beta-casein protein in this milk type is thought to be kinder to the digestive system, which may lessen discomfort and digestive disorders including bloating and gas.

2) Lower Chance of Lactose Intolerance

Since A2 milk contains lactose, those who have lactose sensitivity may find it bearable. However, because of the special protein composition, it may be simpler to digest without the normal symptoms of lactose intolerance.

3) Nutritional Profile

In terms of important minerals like calcium, protein, and vitamins, A2 milk is typically regarded as having a similar nutritional profile to A1 milk. It might be included in a healthy diet.

4) Agricultural Preservation

The preservation of native or desi cow breeds, which are essential to regional agricultural and cultural traditions, can be aided by supporting A2 milk production.

5) Asthma and Allergies

Although additional research is required to make a firm connection, several studies have suggested that consuming A2 milk may be linked to a lower incidence of asthma and allergy symptoms.

6) Environmental Considerations

A2 milk production could be more environmentally beneficial, according to some supporters, because desi cows are better suited to local conditions and require less intensive agricultural techniques.

Now, let’s look at the various forms of A2 milk products

1) A2 Milk

The most prevalent and accessible A2 dairy item is this one. The milk comes from A2 cow breeds are essentially ordinary milk. The same methods for drinking, cooking, and baking can be utilized with A2 milk as they are with regular milk.

2) A2 Ghee

Ghee, or clarified butter, is coveted for its possible health advantages as well as its rich, nutty flavor when produced from A2 milk. For its higher smoke point, which makes it acceptable for frying and sautéing, A2 ghee, which is widely used in Indian cuisine, is coveted.

3) A2 Cheese

A2 milk is also capable of producing several types of cheese. These cheeses, which may have a distinctive flavor profile, are sought after by customers looking for specialty and artisanal dairy products.

4) A2 Yogurt

Yogurt can be made with A2 milk as well. People who want dairy products with the possible digestive benefits of A2 milk frequently choose A2 yogurt because of its creamy smoothness.


Understanding Desi Cows producing A2 Milk

Breeds of desi cows:

1) Gir Cow


Gir cows are indigenous to Gujarat, India’s Gir Forest region.


They are medium- to large-sized cattle with an obvious hump on their back and a dewlap (a fold of skin under the neck. The normal color of gir cows is reddish-brown.


They are noted for their great milk production, and the milk is frequently a good source of the protein A2 beta-casein.

2) Sahiwal Cow


Punjab in India and Pakistan is where Sahiwal cows first appeared.


Their characteristic reddish-brown coat makes them a medium-sized breed of cattle. Cows from Sahiwal are accustomed to hot and humid weather.


Sahiwal cows are prized for producing milk that is both wholesome and A2 milk.


3) Red Sindhi Cow


The Sindh region of India and Pakistan is the origin of the Red Sindhi breed.


The reddish-brown to deep red coloring of these cows is well-known. They are resilient and well-adapted to tropical environments.


Milk from Red Sindhi cows has a fair amount of fat in it.

4) Tharparkar Cow


In the Thar Desert region of India and Pakistan, tharparkar cows are indigenous.


With a hump and a white coat, they are medium-sized cattle. Cows from the Tharparkar region can survive in hot, dry environments with ease.


Their milk is famous for having a high-fat content and is produced mostly for milk.

5) Amrit Mahal Cow


Original to India’s Karnataka state is this breed.


Having a white or gray coat, Amrit Mahal cows are big and sturdy. Both agriculture and the military employed them in the past.


Historically, they were employed for agricultural work and as draught animals.

6) Kankrej Cow


Cows known as Kankrej originates in Gujarat, India’s Kankrej region.


With long horns and a silver to gray coat, they are medium- to large-sized cattle. They are capable of surviving in dry environments.


Cows from the Kankrej breed are utilized for both milk production and draught.

Challenges Of A2 Cow Milk

A2 cow milk has grown in popularity due to its potential advantages, but it also has a number of issues and concerns.

1) Higher Cost

Because desi cows produce less milk than high-yielding Western breeds, producing A2 milk can be more expensive. A2 milk and its products may see an increase in price as a result.

2) Limited Availability

Because they are less widespread than Western dairy breeds, indigenous or desi cow breeds are the main source of A2 milk. A2 milk might therefore be harder to come by in some areas, limiting consumer availability.

3) Taste Preferences

Individuals’ tastes can vary, therefore some consumers might find that A2 milk tastes a little different than A1 milk. Adoption and acceptance among consumers may be impacted by this.

4) Dietary Preferences

Regardless of whether the milk is A2 or A1, some consumers have dietary preferences or restrictions that forbid them from consuming dairy products completely. It can be difficult for the dairy sector to accommodate these varied dietary preferences.

5) Competition

Almond, soy, and oat milk are some of the non-dairy milk substitutes that A2 milk competes with. These substitutes are providing competition for A2 milk among consumers looking for dairy-free solutions.

6) Sustainability

As demand rises, it is important to ensure that A2 milk production is sustainable, taking into account environmental effects and the ethical management of cow herds.

7) Supply Chain and Distribution

It can be difficult to keep a steady supply chain for A2 milk, especially in areas with few desi cow populations. To reach a larger consumer base, distribution networks might also need to be increased.


The world of desi cows and their function as the supply of A2 milk, in conclusion, is a topic of significant relevance, comprising rich traditions, agricultural sustainability, and potential health advantages. These native breeds have altered agricultural landscapes and cultural traditions in addition to providing a distinctive contribution to the dairy sector.

A2 milk from desi cows has the potential to be a more healthy and easily digestible option for customers. Even if additional research is being done to determine its benefits, it is obvious that these cows are more than just animals raised for food; they are also cultural icons and guardians of a variety of habitats.


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